Friday, June 16, 2017

[Crustacea • 2017] Karkata, A New Genus of Gecarcinucid Freshwater Crab with Two New Species, and Four New Species of Pilarta and Cylindrotelphusa (Decapoda: Brachyura) from Kerala, India


Karkata ghanarakta  &  Karkata kusumbha 
Pati, Rajesh, Raj, Sheeja, Kumar & Sureshan, 2017
DOI:  10.1080/00222933.2017.1324054

ABSTRACT
A new genus of freshwater crab, Karkata gen. nov., with two speciesKghanarakta sp. nov. (type species) and Kkusumbha sp. nov., and two new species each of Pilarta Bahir and Yeo, 2007 (P. aroma sp. nov. and P. punctatissima sp. nov.) and Cylindrotelphusa Alcock, 1909 (C. breviphallus sp. nov. and C. longiphallus sp. nov.), are described from Kerala, India. Additionally, C. granulata (Pillai, 1951) comb. et stat. nov. is recognised as a distinct species. Karkata gen. nov. is distinguished from other Indian gecarcinucid genera by a suite of carapace and gonopod characters, including a moderately arched, smooth carapace, the presence of a prominent suture between male thoracic sternites 2, 3 and 3, 4, the absence of a flagellum on the third maxilliped exopod, a very short terminal segment of the male first gonopod (G1), and a short distal segment of the male second gonopod (G2). Karkata ghanarakta sp. nov. is differentiated from K. kusumbha sp. nov. by the shape of the G1 subterminal segment and its live colouration. Pilarta punctatissima sp. nov. is distinct among the congeners mainly by its densely punctate carapace, densely setose anterolateral and posterolateral margins of the carapace, stouter G1 terminal segment, and relatively long G2 distal segment whereas P. aroma sp. nov. can be separated from P. anuka Bahir and Yeo, 2007 by its relatively smooth carapace, deep H-shaped groove, relatively long G1 terminal segment, and almost straight outer margins of the G1 terminal and subterminal segments. Cylindrotelphusa breviphallus sp. nov. is differentiated from C. longiphallus sp. nov. and C. steniops (Alcock, 1909) by its stout G1, with a stout, short terminal segment. Cylindrotelphusa longiphallus sp. nov. is distinguished from the congeners by its shallow, narrow cervical grooves and relatively slender ambulatory legs. An identification key to the species of Karkata, Pilarta and Cylindrotelphusa is provided.

KEYWORDS: taxonomy, Crustacea, Gecarcinucidae, Western Ghats, identification key



Family GECARCINUCIDAE Rathbun, 1904

Karkata gen. nov. 
Type species Karkata ghanarakta sp. nov. 

Etymology The genus name, Karkata, means ‘crab’ in Sanskrit and Malayalam. Gender feminine. Used as a noun in apposition.

Karkata gen. nov. comprises two new species: K. ghanarakta sp. nov. (type species) and K. kusumbha sp. nov.

Karkata ghanarakta sp. nov.
Etymology The species epithet, ghanarakta, is derived from the Sanskrit for ‘maroon’, referring to the maroon colouration of the live crabs. Used as a noun in apposition.

Karkata kusumbha sp. nov. 
Etymology The species epithet, kusumbha (Sanskrit for ‘safflower’), alludes to the orange-red colouration of the live crabs that resemble the colour of the flowers of safflower. Used as a noun in apposition.


Pilarta Bahir and Yeo, 2007 

Pilarta aroma sp. nov. 
Etymology Aroma’ means ‘hairless’ in Sanskrit. Used as a noun in apposition, alluding to the smooth or hairless carapace and chelipeds of the crab.

Pilarta punctatissima sp. nov. 
Etymology The species epithet, punctatissima, is derived from the Latin for ‘most punctate’, referring to the densely punctate carapace of the crab.


Cylindrotelphusa Alcock, 1909 

Cylindrotelphusa breviphallus sp. nov. 

Etymology The species name is derived from the Latin ‘brevi’ for short, and the Greek ‘phallus’ for the penis, used as per the general convention in brachyuran names, referring to the short male gonopods (intromittent organs that are not analogous to a penis) of the crab. The name is used as a noun in apposition.


Cylindrotelphusa longiphallus sp. nov. 

Etymology The species name is derived from the Latin ‘longi’ for long, and the Greek ‘phallus’ for the penis, used as per the general convention in brachyuran names, alluding to the long male gonopods (intromittent organs that are not analogous to a penis) of the crab. The name is used as a noun in apposition.



  
S. K. Pati, L. Rajesh, Smrithy Raj, V. U. Sheeja, A. Biju Kumar & P. M. Sureshan. 2017. Karkata, A New Genus of Gecarcinucid Freshwater Crab with Two New Species, and Four New Species of Pilarta Bahir and Yeo, 2007 and Cylindrotelphusa Alcock, 1909 (Decapoda: Brachyura) from Kerala, India. Journal of Natural History. DOI:  10.1080/00222933.2017.1324054



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